Friday, May 24, 2019
Absolutism And Democracy Essay
What form of political sympathies was well-nigh effective- body politic or absolutism- for the ordinal and eighteenth centuries in europium?During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries there were two forms of government. The two forms of government were democracy and absolutism. Both of these forms of government were effective in their own directions. Absolutism though was the most effective during this time. Absolutism is when the reinr has unlimited author. Many rulers had a democracy government scarce absolutism was more effective because the rulers had all the power and it was unmanageable to take advantage of them rather than a democracy where many rulers can enchant over thrown by the the great unwashed of that country. Machiavelli, who wrote The Prince, felt that the best way to rule was to be feared. He wrote in his book The Prince, Men have less hesitation in offending a man who is loved than oneness who is feared, for love is held by a bond of obligation which , as men are wicked, is broken whenever personal advantage suggests it. What he means by this is that if you rule by fear volume are less likely to defy you than if you rule with love.This would be extremely helpful when running a country. King crowd together I also believed that absolutism was the way to rule. He thought that kings were like Gods therefore he believed in Divine Right. Divine Right is the whim that kings get their authority from God. The demesne of monarchy is the supremest thing upon earth for kings are not only Gods lieutenants upon earth, and sit upon Gods throne, but even by God himself they are called gods. What he means by this is that Kings have every right and power needed to rule. With Kings having every right to rule there would be no questions as to whether or not a King is fit to rule King Louis XIV believed in absolutism. He once stated The aim alone has the right to deliberate and decide, and the functions of all the other members consist only in carrying out the commands given to them. . . . The more you grant . . . (to the assembled people), the more it claims. . . . The divert of the state must come first. King Louis XVI is saying that if acountry is ruled by a monarch it is more organized.He also says that people are greedy, so they are more careed in themselves and not the country. He says that Absolutism is the government that makes sure the country is taken care of. The interest of the state must come first, otherwise the entire country would collapse Even though absolutism was the most effective form of government during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries many philosophes believed in democracy. Democracy is when the people of the government have a say in what goes on in the government. One philosopher who believed in democracy was Voltaire. He believed that peoples freedoms are essential, especially the freedom of speech. He once wrote I may disapprove of what you say, but I will agitate to the death your r ight to say it. . . . The best government seems to be that in which all ranks of men are equally protected by laws. . . . He is stating his belief in the right of free speech, and that democracy is best.While his beliefs are tempting to many people, if the government did as he believed, there would be nothing but chaos. At that point in time, the peoples minds were not as smart and reasonable. This type of government would end terribly. John Locke is another philosopher who believed in democracy. He wrote in Two Treatises on Government Men being . . . by nature all free, equal, and independent, no one can be . . . subjected to the political power of another without his own consent. . . . To protect natural rights governments are established. . . . Since men hope to preserve their property by establishing a government, they will not want that government to destroy their objectives. When legislators try to destroy or take away the property of the people, or try to reduce them to slave ry, they regularise themselves into a state of war with the people who can then refuse to obey laws. If the governments did as Locke proposes there would be so many revolts about little things, that nothing would ever get done. overly when Locke states no one can be subjected to the political power of another without his own consent that is untrue. If the majority of a population votes for someone to be put into power, the smaller portion of the population that voted against that person will, in fact, become subjected to the political power of another without his own consent. Baron de Montesquieu wrote in The Spirit of Laws Although the forms of state-monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy- were united in English government, the powers of government were separated from one another. Therecan be no liberty where the executive, legislative, and judicial powers are united in one person or body of persons, because such concentration is bound to result in arbitrary despotism.What Montesqui eu is saying is that if there were separate powers, there would be liberty. That may be true, but with one absolute monarch the government would be more effective. Everything would get done faster. Both Absolute and Democratic forms of government were effective in their own ways, but Absolutism was the most effective during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in Europe. Absolutism brought on faster solutions to problems. It also was in the best interest of the whole country, and kept the needs of the state first. It kept everything in order, and raised little questions from the people. Overall absolutism was the most suitable government for Europe at this time.